10 Things You Should Know About Thyroid Cancer

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10 Things You Should Know About Thyroid Cancer

Brooke Burke has a heart condition called thyroid hyperplasia, which is an enlargement of the thyroid gland that can’t be treated with a medical procedure. The condition is not life-threatening, but it is the reason that Brooke Burke has had to moderate her work schedule.

Brooke Burke has been a dancer and actress. She is the host of the reality television show “Dancing With The Stars.” Brooke Burke was born in 1970 in Hartford, Connecticut. She was diagnosed with thyroid cancer in 2012 but she is now cancer-free.
This article will go over ten things you should know about thyroid cancer and what it entails.

1. What is thyroid cancer?

 Thyroid Cancer

 

Thyroid cancer is a disease in which cells of the thyroid gland become abnormal and begin to grow uncontrollably. If either the thyroid hormone-producing cells or more rarely, the iodine-producing cells (known as follicular thyroid carcinoma) are affected, then it can be a very serious condition that must be treated with surgery. If this condition is left untreated it could lead to serious complications and even death.

The good news for most patients with this type of cancer is that there are several treatments available including medications, radiation therapy, and surgical removal of the thyroid gland, which removes both normal and abnormal cells. Surgery is the best way to treat and remove thyroid cancer.

2. It Cancer Can Be Caused By Radiation Exposure

There are several reasons why a person’s thyroid gland can become enlarged, and these include the following:
Radiation therapy or radiation exposure can cause hyperplasia. This is because radiation destroys some of the healthy cells in your body and prompts them to divide, so in some cases, radiation treatment can result in an enlargement of tissues that have been exposed to the radiation. This is much more common with women than it is with men because estrogen builds up tissues, thus making them more susceptible to damage from radiation therapy.

3. It Can Cause Organ Swelling And Other Imbalances

Unlike other causes of hypertrophy that are also common in women, like breast cancer, thyroid hyperplasia can cause swelling in other organs and tissues as well. The swelling can be caused by your ruptured thyroid gland, which is more common. The swelling can also be caused by nearby lymphatics that become swollen from the effect of the enlarged gland’s hormones.

4. It Can Cause Goiter

Goiter

Hyperplasia can also cause a goiter (tumor overgrowth of your thyroid gland), which may or may not be cancerous. You don’t have to have symptoms when you have a goiter; sometimes it develops over time and you don’t even know it.
5) Can cause A Swollen Larynx
Hyperplasia can cause these problems in addition to a goiter. If a person has an enlarged thyroid gland, the most common symptom is swelling of the neck and face, sometimes called Raeder’s syndrome. It can also cause swollen parathyroid glands (which are behind your neck) and/or swollen laryngeal tissues (voice box).

5. There Is Only One Way For A Thyroid Gland To Operate Normally

The thyroid gland is made up of 3 lobes. There is one central lobe and then there are two lateral lobes. The central lobe has a large follicle that produces hormones and the rest of the gland makes up the follicular cells. So for all parts of the gland to work normally, it needs to be able to produce T3 and T4 hormones.

6. It Affects The Heart And Lungs

Heart And Lungs

Brooke Burke is not complaining about heart palpitations or anything like that, but she has had to change her work schedule several times in the past because her heart rate would give her issues on the set.
This is because she has a thyroid overgrowth and when the gland grows to be larger than what is normal, it begins to block the normal blood flow in her circulatory system.

7. It Can Cause Heart Arrhythmias

Arrhythmias is a medical term for abnormalities in the heart’s rhythm that can cause the heartbeat to be abnormally fast or slow, irregular or even chaotic. It can also cause the heart to beat so hard that it doesn’t pump blood correctly, resulting in a lack of oxygen in the tissues and cells throughout the body.

8. Overgrowth Can Cause A Bigger Heart, While Hypothyroidism Can Limit The Weight Of Your Heart

In Brooke Burke’s case, her thyroid gland was growing so large that it was making her heart function improperly and this caused her heart to beat harder while at rest. This is why she would feel that she had a rapid heartbeat on occasion.
This can be due to overgrowth of a thyroid gland or hypothyroidism (underproduction of hormones). We have Brooke’s thyroid gland producing excessive hormones and swelling, but there is also the possibility of it under-producing hormones.

9. The Most Commonly Affected Glands Are The Lateral Lobes

This is because the lateral lobes produce and store T3 and T4 hormones. The central lobe can sometimes be affected as well, however, it is much more common to see thyroid cancer affecting that lobe.

10. There Are Three Different Types Of Cancerous Tumors

Cancerous Tumors

Three different types of cancerous tumors can affect the thyroid gland: papillary, follicular, and medullary. Each one affects your gland differently and is more common in certain age groups. The most common type of thyroid cancer is papillary thyroid cancer.

The Papillary Type Is The Most Common

The papillary type is the most common and it affects women more than men. It is when there are abnormal cells that grow into a mass within your tissue, and this mass can become cancerous if steps aren’t taken to treat it.
The Follicular Type Is In Second Place When It Comes To Most Common Cases
When the thyroid gland becomes enlarged due to an overgrowth of one type of cell, this is known as follicular enlargement and it is called neoplasm. When neoplasm becomes cancerous and starts to grow out of control, it is known as follicular thyroid carcinoma (also called FTC).

The Medullary Type Is In Third Place

The medullary type is also called myxopapillary carcinoma, which is known as a tumor that spreads from the thyroid gland into nearby tissues and blood vessels. This condition is most common among women, but it can affect men as well.

Final thought

There are a lot of people who have been diagnosed with thyroid hyperplasia, and many of them are out there in the spotlight right now, so if you hear about a celebrity who has this condition, don’t be afraid to google it or do some research on your own. After all, who doesn’t want to know more about their favorite celebrity! Cara Delevingne was just recently diagnosed with hypothyroidism due to an enlarged thyroid gland. Granted, her condition is not related to Brooke Burke’s condition but she is still very young so more people want to know about it since hypothyroidism isn’t that common among younger people.

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